A Creek Indian Bibliography:

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation:

Sources for History, Biography and Genealogy;
Print and Internet Links
©Anne E. Gometz
Section 1: Begin Here
Section 2: Secondary Sources
Section 3: Primary Sources
Section 4: Biography
Section 5: Genealogy
Section 6: Finding Pictures
Section 7: Further Research

Section 6: Finding Pictures......

It's a natural human impulse to want to know what a person we're reading about looked like. There are quite a few extant pictures of individuals who figured in Creek history; many are found in the works listed in this bibliography. Below are two specialized finding aids which may be useful.

Frazier, Patrick, comp. Portrait Index of North American Indians in Published Collections, 2nd ed. rev. and enlarged. Washington D. C.: Library of Congress, 1996.

Fundaburk, Emma L. Southeastern Indians Life Portraits: A Catalogue of Pictures, 1564-1860. Luverne, Ala.: the author, 1958.

For information on the portrait at the beginning of this bibliography and three other Creek portraits, see my page "Indian Sketches by John Trumbull".

GO TO: [Introduction] [Sec.1: Begin Here] [Sec.2: Secondary Sources] [Sec.3: Primary Sources] [Sec.4: Biography] [Sec.5: Genealogy] [Sec.6: Finding Pictures] [Sec.7: Further Research]

Section 7: Further Research......


This biliography contains only a small fraction of the literature on this subject. For more information, start with the items below.

Green, Michael D. The Creeks: A Critical Bibliography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979.

Kersey, Harry A. Jr. The Seminole and Miccosukee Tribes: A Critical Bibliography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

O'Donnell, James H. III. Southeastern Frontiers: Europeans, Africans and American Indians, 1513-1840. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Peterson, Herman A. The Trail of Tears: An Annotated Bibliography of Southeastern Indian Removal. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2010.

And others...

Chepesiuk, Ron and Shankman, Arnold. American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.

DeWitt, Donald L., ed. American Indian Resource Materials in the Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. Describes manuscript, photo and oral history collections and supplies a list of newspapers and periodicals.

Everly, Elaine C. "Red, Black, and White: The U.S. Army at Columbus, GA." In Soldiers and Civilians: The U.S. Army and the American People, ed. by Garry D. Ryan and Timothy K. Nenninger, pp. 104-113. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1987. This short essay by a National Archives staff member outlines the records in the archives dealing with the military history of Columbus, and thus with the Creek contacts with the military authorities.

Foreman, Carolyn T. Oklahoma Imprints, 1835-1907: A History of Printing in Oklahoma before Statehood. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, 1936. Of particular interest is the chapter on "Newspapers of the Creek Nation" but anyone looking for source materials on early Oklahoma should consult this bibliography. It also contains much incidental biographical detail on authors, printers, etc.

Frazier, Patrick, ed. Many Nations: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Indian and Alaska Native Peoples of the United States. Washington. D. C.: Library of Congress, 1996. This is an absolutely indispensable read before a trip to the Library of Congress, but it is also a very useful overview of research sources since many of the items and collections described may also be found in other libraries, perhaps as microforms. Note: Take a reference you are interested in to your own library first and let the staff there look for available copies and their locations; don't contact the Library of Congress.

Hargrett, Lester, comp. The Gilcrease-Hargrett Catalogue of Imprints. Prepared for publication and with an introduction by G. P. Edwards. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, 1972. A list of materials in the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art Library in Tulsa. This is an annotated bibliography of printed materials in the collection pertaining to the American Indian. Users should not confine themselves to the section headed "Creek Indians" since there are many other relevant entries throughout the book. This catalogue was compiled in 1946.

Hill, Edward E.. Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians. Washington, D. C.: National Archives, 1984.

Hilton, Sylvia L. "Spanish Archives." (Sources for North American Indian History.) American Indian Quarterly, v. 17 (1993), pp. 227-242.

Kanen, Ronald. A Bibliography of the Creeks and Other Native Americans of the Southeast (Muscogee Words and Ways, III) Wakulla Springs, Fla.: The Muscogee Press, 1983.

See also the guides to National Archives microfilm listed under "Genealogy".

Finding More Articles

Searching any large journal database available through your library will be helpful especially for more current literature. Complete text of older volumes of journals may be found in digitized collections; search for the title of the journal as a phrase. Libraries, especially large research libraries, also own many more general indexes to magazines and journals which may have articles about the Creeks and their history. Ask a librarian for suggestions.

As may be seen in the lists above, the following journals contain much information on the Creeks. If you have access to a library which contains a run of any of these titles, they're worth browsing through. Also there may be cumulative detailed indexes published for at least a portion of the run; in most libraries, these indexes will be shelved with the journals themselves.

The Oklahoma Periodicals Index provides detailed searching of the Chronicles of Oklahoma and 3 other Oklahoma magazines. At: http://www.library.okstate.edu/database/perindex.htm.

Also Oklahoma State University is now placing the full text of early volumes of the Chronicles of Oklahoma online at http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/bookshelf.html . You can view the Table of Contents, search all issues, and read the articles.

Alabama Historical Quarterly. Issues are available in the digital collections of the Alabama Dept. of Archives and History at http://www.archives.alabama.gov/aho.html. The tables of contents for volumes 1 (1930) through 34 (1982) are also online for a quick survey. Internet at: http://www.lib.auburn.edu/special/docs/ahistqtr.html.

Georgia Historical Quarterly. If you have access to a library that subscribes to the JSTOR datbase, backfiles of the GHQ are included.

Florida Historical Quarterly. Many issues of this journal are now online with full-text at the Florida digital collections at http://palmm.fcla.edu/.

GO TO: [Introduction] [Sec.1: Begin Here] [Sec.2: Secondary Sources] [Sec.3: Primary Sources] [Sec.4: Biography] [Sec.5: Genealogy] [Sec.6: Finding Pictures] [Sec.7: Further Research]

shipGo to: [Homepage] [Trumbull's Indian Sketches] [Creeks in WWII] [Doster Citations] [Gometz Family] [Vita]