A Creek Indian Bibliography:

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation:

Sources for History, Biography and Genealogy;
Print and Internet Links
©Anne E. Gometz

Section 1: Begin Here
Section 2: Secondary Sources
Section 3: Primary Sources
Section 4: Biography
Section 5: Genealogy
Section 6: Finding Pictures
Section 7: Further Research

Section 5: Genealogy......

Anyone who believes they have an ancestor who was Creek should first follow all the standard tenets of good genealogical practice and use all the same sources they would for research on any other individual. Also read any of the primary and secondary sources listed above which pertain to the geographic areas and time periods you are interested in. In addition, the following texts and sites which focus on genealogical research may be of help.


Carter, Kent. Preliminary Inventory of the Office of the Five Civilized Tribes Agency, Muscogee Area of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75). Fort Worth, Texas: Southwest National Archives Branch, 1994. Online at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(ok).htm.

____. "Snakes & Scribes: The Dawes Commission and the Enrollment of the Creeks." Prologue, v. 29, no. 1 (1997). Also online at: http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/spring/dawes-commission-1.html. Both this and the related article below which describe how the enrollment process actually was carried out may help you to understand the possible reasons your ancestor is or is not found on the Dawes rolls.

____. "Deciding Who Can Be Cherokee: Enrollment Records of the Dawes Commission." Chronicles of Oklahoma, v. 69 (1992/92), pp. 174-205. Yes, this says Cherokee!

Collins, James P. "Native Americans in the Antebellum U. S. Military," Prologue, v. 39, no. 4 (2007). Also online at http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2007/winter/indians-military.html . Many Creeks may be found in these records.

"Creek Indians", an extensive article in the FamilySearch Wiki.

Creek (Muscogee), a message board at http://boards.rootsweb.com/topics.ethnic.natam.nations.creek-muskogee/mb.ashx . You don't need an Ancestry subscription to use the boards.

Hill, Edward P. Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians. Washington, D. C.: U. S. National Archives, 1984.

Huber, Kathy. Research in American Indians of Oklahoma. (NGS Research in the States Series; Special Publication no. 126) Arlington, Va: National Genealogical Society, 2017.

Kirkham, E. Kay. Our Native Americans: Their Records of Genealogical Value. 2 v. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishers, 1980.

Lennon, Rachal M. "Federal Records for Southeastern Indian Research." National Genealogical Society Quarterly, v. 86, no.4 (1998), pp. 247-270.

____. "Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal: An Introduction to Research and Resources." National Genealogical Society Quarterly, v. 85 (1997), pp. 165-194.

_____. Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes : Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 2002.

Morrow, Mary Frances. "Indian Bounty Land Applications." Prologue, v. 25 (1993), pp. 292-296. Also online at: http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1993/fall/indian-bounty-land-applications.html. Explains how to use this group of National Archives records which document the claims of Indian veterans for land warrants due them for their service to the U. S. between 1812 and 1855. Veterans are primarily from the Five Civilized Tribes.

"Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma." Internet at: http://www.genealogynation.com/creek/.

See also the IT GenWeb page: Indian & Oklahoma Territory Genealogy at http://www.okgenweb.org/~itgenweb/, which has general information for those who believe they have an Indian ancestor.

U. S. National Archives. American Indians: A Select List of NARA Microfilm Publications. 1998. Follow the directions for this list's title in the page on "Genealogy Microfilm Catalogs" to pull it up online.

____. Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, comp. by Edward E. Hill (1965), 459 pp. in 2 vols. (RG 75). The Bureau of Indian Affairs conducts the business of the U.S. Government relating to Native Americans. Dates of records: 1795-1949. (Inventory 163.) See also the later publication by Hill listed above.

____. Documents Concerning the Negotiation of Ratified Indian Treaties, 1801-69, comp. by John H. Martin (1949), 175 pp. (RG 48 and RG 75). Treaties with the Indians were formally negotiated, required ratification by the Senate, and had the same force, status, and dignity as treaties with sovereign nations. This practice was discontinued in 1871. (Special List 6.)

____. List of Cartographic Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, comp. by Laura E. Kelsay (1954), 127 pp. (RG 75). Dates of records: ca. 1800-1965. (Special List 13.)

U. S. National Archives. Southeast Region. Researching Individual Native Americans at the National Archives at Atlanta. Pub. 2009. A 44 page guide at http://www.archives.gov/atlanta/finding-aids/native-americans.pdf.

U. S. National Archives. Southwest Region. This regional branch of the National Archives, located in Fort Worth, Texas, holds the bulk of the federal records on the "Five Civilized Tribes". Researchers planning a visit should check out their web site, http://www.archives.gov/southwest/. View their list of Creek Records available on microfilm at http://www.archives.gov/fort-worth/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html#creek.


American Indian Archives. Oklahoma Historical Society. Searchable by personal names or subject. https://www.okhistory.org/research/archiveindex .

Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory. 3 rolls. National Archives microfilm T-529. Data as of March 4, 1907 with supplement of Sept.25, 1914. "The Dawes Rolls." Online at FamilySearch.org. The Creek portion is Film 830230, items 1 - 6, DGS 8422454. NARA has a Digitized Index. For information on using these records see the article Dawes Commission Enrollment Records in the FamilySearch Research Wiki.

Ashton, Sharron Standifer. Indians and Intruders, 5 vols. Norman, Oklahoma: Ashton Books, 1996 - 2002. Abstracts and indexes a wide variety of records of Indian Territory from the Oklahoma Historical Archives.

Bowen, Jeff. Applications for Enrollment of Creek Newborn -- Act of 1905, Series in progress, 12 vols planned. Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield Co., 2011- . "Newborn" here means 4 years or less. The applications are in National Archive film M-1301. Bowen is publshing and indexing the 1,171 successful applications submitted by by the deadline of midnight, May 2, 1905 including the names of witnesses (e.g. midwives) and family members.

Campbell, J. B. Campbell's Abstract of Creek Freedman Census Cards and Index. Muskogee, Oklahoma: Phoenix Job Printing Company, 1915. Available online at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008649231.

Hastain, Edward. Hastain's Township Plats of the Creek Nation. Muscogee, Oklahoma: Model Printing Company, 1910. The maps show owner's names. Appear to be various versions. Available online from Oklahoma Historical Society.

Haveman, Christopher D., ed. Bending Their Way Onward: Creek Indian Removal in Documents. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2018. Includes rolls of personal names.

Lackey, Richard S. Frontier Claims in the Lower South.... See in Primary Sources. "People...partly of the Indian blood" are included.

"Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Marriage, Citizenship and Census Records, 1841-1927." Database on Ancestry.com. Miscellaneous reoords of genealogical interest for many tribes from the Oklahoma Historical Society.

"Oklahoma, Creek Equalization Records, 1912-1921." Database on Ancestry.com. Original data: Department of the Interior. Office of Indian Affairs. Application Files for Creek Equalization Payments, 1912�1921. NAI: 849164. Record Group 75: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The National Archives at Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas. "This series includes original applications and supporting documents for payments under acts of Congress of August 1, 1914 and May 25, 1918, to equalize the value of allotments made to individual Creeks. Most of the files relate to claims by heirs for shares of payments due to deceased Creeks and include correspondence between the Superintendent and various field agents, attorneys, and claimants. Many of the files include Proof of Heirship forms which contain the name of the deceased allottee, date and place of death, name of spouse, and the names of the allottee's children and the heirs of deceased children. There are numerous gaps"

Parsons. 1832 Census of Creek Indians, taken by Parsons and Abott. With an added full name index of "white" names only by Jeanne Robey Felldin and Charlotte Magee Tucker. Tomball, TX: Genealogical Publications, 1978. Not a transcription, but a duplicate of the original pages. Taken from the original National Archives microfilm no. T-275. Also see the transcription on the "Creek Indian Researcher" site. Internet at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~texlance/1832census/index.htm.

United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Euchee Indian School, Sapulpa, Oklahoma. Enrollment lists, 1940-1947. Most students are Creek. Online at FamilySearch.org, Film 1205529, item 14, DGS 008271675, images 848-901.

United States. Census. 1860 Slave Schedule, Creek Nation.

"U.S., Citizenship Case Files in Indian Territory, 1896-1897." Database on Ancestry.com. "Court case files from the U.S. Court in Indian Territory regarding applicants seeking enrollment in the Cherokee and Creek tribes for the years 1896�1897."

"U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes (overturned), 1896." Database on Ancestry.com. Original data: Applications from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee Area Office, Relating to Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes under the Act of 1896; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1650, 54 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C. The master index is on Roll 1 and the rest of the files are arranged by application number.

"U.S., Native American Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914." Database on Ancestry.com. Original data: Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1186, 93 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

GO TO: [Introduction] [Sec.1: Begin Here] [Sec.2: Secondary Sources] [Sec.3: Primary Sources] [Sec.4: Biography] [Sec.5: Genealogy] [Sec.6: Finding Pictures] [Sec.7: Further Research]

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